In order for a car or truck to perform and operate properly, it is vital for their fluid levels to be healthy and constant. There are at least 7 different types of fluids and solutions that every vehicle should always have; and they need these fluids to promote longevity and safety for the driver. These fluids play a major role in the operation of several vehicular systems; including the engine, brakes, transmission, and more. If the fluids reach their minimum levels, or dry out completely, trouble is in close proximity. Without these essential car fluids, a vehicle doesn’t stand a chance on the road. Continue reading to learn about the important fluids vehicles need to thrive and perform on a daily basis.
Motor oil is one of the most important fluid for any vehicle. When a vehicle is being driven, the engine produces a mass amount of heat and friction. Oil keeps the moving components within a crankcase, lubricated at all times. This lubrication reduces friction and high heat; which can damage pistons, valves, and more. Motor oil needs flushed and changed-out on an annual basis, or more, depending on the age and condition of the vehicle, and how much it is driven. The normal time-frame is every 5,000 or six months.
Brake fluid is the most important solution for vehicles; especially in terms of safety. Without brake fluid, driving a car can be a death wish. We must be able to stop a vehicle once it is in motion. If a car cannot properly brake, this could mean serious injury to pedestrians, other drivers, or the driver themselves. Not only can a lack of brake fluid be dangerous to people, it can also quickly deteriorate a vehicle’s brake system. Brake pads, rotors, calipers, lines, and more are all affected by poor brake fluid maintenance. This should be done by a licensed mechanic every few thousand miles, or 6 months.
Transmission fluid is that red solution used to lubricate the inner-working parts of a transmission; just like motor oil for an engine. It simply cools and lubricates the moving parts, and reduces high heat and friction. Again, this fluid should be inspected and changed out by a licensed Indianapolis Automotive Repair specialist every 5,000 miles or 6 months.
Windshield Wiper Fluid
Windshield wiper fluid is common and not vital for a vehicle to operate efficiently; however, it is crucial for driver safety. It is a cleansing liquid that is squirted out from the outer-dash, directly onto the windshield. The wipers automatically initiate and smear and clear the liquid away, leaving behind a lucid window for drivers. During snowing and wet seasons, this fluid is extremely helpful and can mean the difference between an accident and a close-encounter. If you get dredged with dirty water and snow by a semi-truck on the highway, you better hope you have windshield wiper fluid to immediately clear your view at 60 miles per hour! Fortunately, this can be administered by the car owner themselves and it is quite easy to do!
Antifreeze, or coolant, is another fluid that prevents an internal combustion engine from overheating while on the road. Coolant is commonly a 50/50 combination of water and radiator coolant. In colder climates, this ratio is stronger on the coolant side, and visa-verse. Antifreeze is just that; a heat transfer liquid. It prevents an overheating vehicle by cycling through the engine and absorbing heat; and then returning the heat to the radiator, and out into the air. If a vehicle does not retain proper coolant levels, it will quickly overheat and be inoperable. This is another fluid that can be administered by the vehicle owner.
Power Steering Fluid
Power steering fluid is necessary for smooth and easy steering. It is pressurized by a small hydraulic pump that is powered by the car engine. It aids the steering mechanism that directs the tires. Without power steering fluid, turning the wheel can seem like pulling a 50 pound weight! Older model vehicles do not even come with power steering capabilities. If your vehicle has power steering, then it will require routine power steering fluid refills and replacements.