Types of Vehicular Brakes

One of the most important components to a car or truck is the braking system.  Braking systems are complicated, but all have the same duty; to stop a vehicle from motion.  The types of brakes on a car or truck vary depending on the use of the vehicle.  There are several different types of braking systems, from high performance to the more common brakes we see every day.  Read on to learn more about the most common types of brakes found in everyday trucks and cars.

Anti-Lock Brakes

The most common type of anti-lock brakes are a computer-controlled system called ABS. These brakes were developed for safety reasons.  Anti-lock brakes are brakes that prevent wheel lock-up when you make sudden stops.  This prevents skidding, sliding, and decreases stopping distance.  In all, anti-lock brakes are an automobile safety system intended to reduce stopping times on dry, slippery, or wet surfaces and increase vehicle control.

Drum Brakes

At first glance, a drum brake is a rotating car part shaped like a drum.  The friction of these brakes is caused by a set of pads, or shoes, that press against it.  Drum brakes are just a component of an entire braking system as a whole.  When you apply pressure to your brakes, the wheel cylinder pushes the shoe against the drum, causing friction that makes the vehicle to slow down.  They are usually made from cast iron because it is heat-conductive and sturdy.  The heat-conductivity is important because when the lining is pressed against the inner surface of the brake drum, the heat of the friction can reach as high as 500 degrees Fahrenheit.

Disk Brakes

This is a wheel brake that uses friction to slow down the vehicle.  The friction is made by a set of calipers that makes the pads push up against the disc.  Brake discs are also commonly referred to as brake rotors, which are also made from cast iron.

Parking Brakes

Parking brakes are self-explanatory.  They are used to keep the vehicle in park.  This is accomplished through the use of cables that apply the brakes mechanically to prevent rolling while in park.  These brakes are most commonly used when parking n an incline or hill.

For more information about braking systems in cars, trucks, vans, and any other vehicle, contact a professional at Northeast Auto in Indianapolis, Indiana.  We are licensed and certified auto mechanics with over 20 years of experience in the industry.  We are happy to provide free estimates, advice, and more.  Call us at 317-475-1846 or visit our Indianapolis Auto Repair website today!

 

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