Diesel fuel is used in diesel engines, which do not use high-voltage spark ignition (spark plugs) like gasoline or liquefied petroleum gas engines. Common motorized vehicles that operate on diesel include freight trucks, trains, boats, construction equipment, farm equipment, and some types of heavy machinery. Diesel fuel has many great qualities in comparison to standard gasoline or liquid petroleum. Not only does it contain between 20 and 30 percent more energy per gallon, it delivers a higher power density too, giving it more energy per volume.
With so many advantages of diesel fuel, it is no surprise that many non-commercial commodities have adopted the diesel engine design. Anyone can acquire a diesel-fueled commodities these days, such as boats and trucks. And this means that there is an increase in the private use of diesel fuel. But if you intend, or do, store diesel fuel on your private property, it is extremely important to learn the state and federal regulations for doing so. Continue reading for a closer look at a few of these regulations in order to protect yourself from the penalties for neglecting these legally-mandatory procedures. Talk to your local authorities for a complete outline of underground and above ground tank regulations.
The reason why there are limitations and requisites for the private storage of diesel fuel is because of the danger it can pose to both people and nature. Whether above or below ground, fuel evaporation and leaks can cause extreme environmental damage and put humans at risk of house fires, explosions, and more. As you know, fuel is highly-flammable. And storing large amounts can be very dangerous if the proper precaution are not taken.
Regulations and Restrictions
Failing to abide by the state and federal regulations for private diesel fuel storage can not only result in damage and bodily harm, it can result in large fines as well. There are several organizations that put strict, specific guidelines on the private storage of diesel, including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Fire Prevention Agency, the U.S Department of Labor Occupational, Safety, and Health Administration, and many other state agencies.
EPA Underground Tank System Regulations:
You MUST notify federal, state, and local authorities if you own a tank holding more than 1100 gallons of diesel fuel.
You MUST NOT store a diesel tank in a place where fumes can accumulate.
You MUST fill out and submit a notification form to your implementing agency when installing an underground tank system (UTS).
Check out more regulations and information at https://www.epa.gov/ust.
EPA Above Ground Tank Regulations:
Tanks must be registered with the proper authorities.
Tanks MUST be at least 40 feet away from any homes or buildings.
Tanks MUST have a sticker that reads, “FLAMMABLE–KEEP FIRE AND FLAME AWAY.”
They MUST be faced in an East-to-West direction and painted white. This allows for minimal sun and heat absorption.
All tank problems MUST be reported to local authorities (i.e. leaks, corrosion, etc.).